Published on Thursday, November 22, 2012
The US$1.8 billion acquisition of meta search engine Kayak by Priceline is not only a significant milestone for online travel due to their size and the role these two companies play in the travel industry, but also helps to illustrate the most recent developments taking place in online travel.
Online travel analyst at Euromonitor International, Angelo Rossini, investigates further.
Such developments include the threat that Google's strengthening position in travel may represent for OTAs, tensions between airlines on one side vs GDS and OTAs on the other and the growing importance of the mobile channel, as well as online travel brands.
Kayak is the largest meta search travel website in the world, leading a sector which has been growing fast over the past five years thanks to travellers increasingly using the web to find the best price and increasingly turning to meta search sites, attracting the likes of giants such as Google and now Priceline. In Q3 2012, Kayak's website generated 302 million travel queries, recording a 31% growth over Q3 2011, and revenues for US$79 million, up 29% on Q3 2011.
The Google threat
Google is strengthening its position in the travel industry by its entry into the meta search engine sector through Google Flight Search, which will soon enter the European market, Google Hotel Finder and the acquisition of ITA software. This represents a threat for Priceline which may see Google meta search results favour direct suppliers over OTAs. Buying Kayak is a smart move to ensure that it can combat Google's threat from within the meta search sector and protect its core online hotel business.
Stronger position in online air bookings
Priceline's CEO, Jeffery Boyd, denied that the Kayak acquisition was driven by the company's desire to expand into online air bookings. However, there is no doubt that following this acquisition, Priceline's competitive positioning in the online air market has been significantly strengthened. Airline queries account for the bulk of total Kayak queries, with a 84% share but due to the lower revenues generated per query, air generated only 25% of Kayak revenues in 2011. Due to the strength of airlines' direct web sales, using the meta search route appears much less risky for Priceline than going via the OTA route.
Mobile shift and the loyalty factor
For Priceline, one major aspect of the acquisition was Kayak's strong technology positioning, in particular as far as mobile development is concerned. Mobile bookings are expected to growth the fastest over the next five years in the online travel segment, and Kayak is well placed to benefit from this trend. Kayak achieved 3.1 million apps downloads in Q3 2012, and 56 million mobile queries thanks to some of the most advanced and user-friendly apps and mobile websites available in the travel industry.
Priceline's decision to acquire Kayak for US$1.8 billion, rather than create its own meta search engine, is recognition of the power of consumer loyalty that online travel brands have gained which is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive to challenge.
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